"Respect the strong, blackmail the weak" ~ a Chinese saying.
“China is an ambitious country which envisions being unchallenged in Asia and being on a par with the United States globally. China has managed to dominate Asia through a clever mix of diplomacy and coercion.”
"The biggest challenge of battle at the high altitude is to provide sustainable logistics and armament support. In the 1962 China-India border conflict, China failed to protect its fruits of victory due to poor logistics support. Although local Tibetan residents provided soldiers with temporary support, it was not sustainable," Chinese military expert. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has an adverse climate and complex topography. Over a long period of time, it is very difficult to provide soldiers with logistics and armament support. A single western theatre PLA command handles the border with India, integrating the earlier Chengdu and Lanzhou military regions. China has a credible mix of multi-role fighter and strike aircraft. They have got adequate reserve to replenish after attrition. They have multi-layered air defence systems and rocket forces. For them, the geography works against them especially in the Tibet Autonomous Region. They have an inherent operational disadvantage due to altitude, very cold temperatures. Engine efficiency & Ballistic trajectories are different on high plateaus as the air is thinner at altitude, which demands greater ability from pilots to project and adjust the firing. The oxygen deficit on plateaus is also physically challenging for pilots. (Z stands for Tibet / Xizang)
PLA outposts has been equipped with oxygen stations and set-up high-pressure oxygen (for troops to recover stamina, reduce breathing difficulties and altitude stress), which are specially designed portable barracks for its troops stationed in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to boost combat capability in the high-altitude ranges where oxygen levels are low. PLA has also been equipping Tibetan military bases with portable barracks, specifically designed for plateau areas. The barracks’ design and material make them sturdy, moisture-proof and cold-resistant, even keep the room temperature at 15 degrees Celsius even during bad snow storms.
During Operation Desert Storm: 42 F-117A had 1271 attack missions, 84 F-111 had 4000 missions, 75 CH-53 helicopters had 2045 missions, 84 F/A-18 had 5047 missions, 120 F-15 had 2200 missions, 120 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters had 1601 missions, 144 A-10 had 8100 missions and 249 F-16 had 13,500 missions. The B-52G Stratofortresses flew 1,624 missions, dropped 72,000 weapons, delivered 25,700 tons of munitions on area targets, and had a mission-capable rate of 81%--2 % higher than its peacetime rate. The B-52Gs dropped 29% of all US bombs and 38% of all USAF bombs during the war.
The imaginary line called Heihe Tengchong line was drawn by Chinese geographer Hu Huanyong in 1935. It divides China into two distinctly different regions. West of this line, China’s 64% of land area supports only 4% of its population, where as 96% of its population lives in the eastern side of the line. Thus, Agni V, which has a range of 5000 km should be able to reach key economic installations in any part of this area. This will be a key deterrent to Chinese aggression in Indian ocean.
It began with the original Han (ethnic Chinese) whose civilization first appeared north of the Yangtze River. Up there the main grain crops were wheat, barley and the like. Rice is a much more productive crop (in terms of calories produced per unit of land) but is more labor intensive and require a higher degree of organization and discipline. It also requires more water which is why the drier north (north of the Yangtze River) remained reliant on non-rice grains. It took centuries to perfect rice cultivation (nearly 10,000 years ago) , which is a more complex process than for other grains. The lesson for the West is that while the Chinese may appear monolithic they are anything but.
The Chinese government attack the communists right after Japan surrendered in August 1945. The Nationalist government of China underestimated the communists, who then proceeded to defeat all the Nationalist armies after about three years of fighting. The nationalists took a big gamble, sending their best troops into Manchuria in late 1945 to try to knock out the communists. This ignored the well-known fact that a huge Russian army had just defeated Japanese forces in Manchuria and the Russians were giving the Chinese communists huge quantities of military supplies. Had the nationalists been more prudent they would not have lost South China and the war, by 1948.
China’s perception of itself as the ‘Middle Kingdom’ is also because its very large empire was surrounded by smaller states, so there was this sense that China is the centre of civilisation, and as you move away from that centre, you have less and less civilised states. Maybe the history that China presents is not a manufactured history, but it is certainly a selective history — trying to put forth a vision that is only partially true. There were situations in which China was itself a supplicant and a tributary to others — for example after they were defeated by the Tibetans, for quite some time, the Chinese empire paid tribute to the Tibetans — and China was also occupied by others, for example, the Mongols.
China’s comprehensive national power today is about 3 times higher than India. And in next 50 years we will not be able to equal it. China annual internal security budgets since 2007 have outstripped its annual defence budgets. A police state always looks upon its own citizens as its principal enemy. China’s vast network of official and unofficial police, armed militia, jails and overall state security, i.e. keeping the country’s 1.3 billion people in check. Consequently, China can never achieve national cohesion which in turn makes its military highly demoralised. China is converting its economic power into its military and strategic power at a very fast rate, faster than what we had anticipated. They have advanced their strategic ability build-up by about 10 years. China says this is a misrepresentation, and that these funds also go to things like improving public transportation or food safety.